The Third Punic war

June 9, 2012 | In: World War I


Even though Rome won The Second Punic War, the hatred for Carthage exploded even more. Romans hated them so much they wanted any Phoenician land erased from the map.

This extraordinary country never ceased to amaze the Romans, by managing to get on their feet again after a second war. Maybe that’s why Marcus Cato, a senator of Rome, claimed Delenda est Carthago! Meaning: Carthage must dye!

By oath, the Carthaginians could not attack any province of Rome. The problem was that all roman neighboring provinces knew that and took advantage of it, making raids on Carthaginian territory. With this going on and on, in 149 B.C. Carthage declared war on Rome and went after the Numidians, a Roman province.

Many historians say that was probably the worst military strategy in history, mainly based on the fact that the Carthaginians were broken and starving.

Not much time passed until Rome sent a general to do the work, a descendant of Scipio the African, Scipio Aemilianus, who defeated the starving people in just three days.

Just to be sure, the Romans killed all the men from the besieged city and took all women and made them slaves. After the selling of slaves, the roman army set Carthage on fire and after that salted the land.

Some people say that Carthage was such a developed civilization, with such a big future, that Rome feared it will soon take its place. The Carthaginian Library is thought to have been the biggest in the world when the Romans burned it.

After that, no one was allowed to live there. And so, Cato’s wish came true.


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