The Hundred Days Offensive

May 30, 2012 | In: World War I


The Hundred Days Offensive took place on the Western Front, from the 18th of July, until the 11th of November, 1918. Before that, the Germans gained a lot of land which was not properly defended, and so all over the map there were many territories, but few German Troops, very exhausted.

The allies were tired as well, but not broken as the Germans were, and had the advantage of thousands of fresh troops from the United States. The allied commander took advantage of this unexpected gift from over the ocean and immediately decided to strike the enemy. The next big battle took place against the Second Army of Germany at Amiens. Before reaching Amiens, many battles were fought at Second Somme, Second Arras and Second Noyons. The result was a spectacular success; the German lines were broken and the Germans retreated back to the Hindenburg Line.

The Allies then started attacking the Line with a series of offensives directed at achieving final breakthrough.  The weakened Germans put up a fight, but were unable to defend the lines, and eventually, the Allies broke through the Hindenburg Line at the Battle of Cambrai.

Soon after, the Germans tried to make peace and eventually signed an armistice with the allies on November 11, 1918, putting an end to one of the War’s bloodiest Battles.

This battle was an enormous victory for the allies that marked the beginning of the end for the Germans. Although the war was nearly over, the Allied troops had more than 1.000.000 casualties, from which 125.000 were Americans. The German Troops had more than 750.000 casualties. But that wasn’t the biggest loss for German Empire. Soon after, it collapsed and was forced to accept crushing peace terms.

 


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