Joan of Arc

May 22, 2012 | In: Famous Leaders

The French patriot was born in 1412 in Domremy, France. 9 years later, the region was conquered by the English, who withdrew 3 years later.

At the age of 13 she claimed to have heard the voices of saints who told her they would save Paris from the English invasion.

She presented herself to the local commander and persuaded him to take her to the occupied territory of Chinon. They reached it in 1429. According to legend, Joan was called into a gathering of courtiers, among them the dauphin in disguise, and her success in identifying him at once was interpreted as confirmation of his doubted legitimacy and claims to the throne.

On April 29, she entered Orleans and in 10 days forced the English to retire no later than June from the main stronghold on the Loire.

On July 17, 1429 Joan took an army of 12.000 through the English-held territory, in order to crown the rightful heir in Rheims Cathedral.

Soon after, she set out on her own to relieve Compiègne from the Burgundians, and was captured in a skirmish and sold to the English by John of Luxembourg for 10,000 crowns. She was put on trial in 1431 on charges of heresy by an ecclesiastical court of the Inquisition, presided over by Pierre Cauchon, Bishop of Beauvais.

Most of the things we know about Joan of Arc are those related during the trial, where she was found guilty, taken out of the church of St. Rouen on may 24 to be burnt alive. In 1456, in order to strengthen the validity of Charles VII’s coronation, the trial was declared irregular. She was canonized in 1920.



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