History of Internet for kids

June 2, 2012 | In: Science history


Probably the most important invention of all time, the internet started a little shy, but after mankind realized its potential, it had an explosion in matter of continuous upgrading, as well as worldwide expansion.Here is the history of internet for kids.

Many of us can think that the internet has its roots in the western world, in the US to be precise. Well, I hate to tell you, but you’re wrong. The first glimpse of what we know today to be The Internet found its birth on Russian soil, after the launch of Sputnik, the first man made rocket launched in outer space (1957). Soon after, the US came with ARPA,   The Advanced Research Projects Agency. This was an agency for missile research.

In 1958, NASA was founded, and the whole activity of ARPA changed its headquarters. One of ARPA’s main goals was to gather information from universities all over the US, with as little time possible spent, and under the same language and protocol. Thus, the first computer network was created, in 1969.

It was inevitable for the small ARPA to become nation wide, with a very large availability, even for common households.

In 1972, the first e-mail program was developed by Ray Tomlinson, from ARPA. Few months later, the NCP(Network Control Protocol) was introduced, in order for computers to communicate with each other. At the end of the year, ARPA changes its name to DARPA, the same thing, only with Defense on the beginning.

4 years later, the Ethernet is developed by Robert Metcalfe. In March, 1976, the Queen of England sends the first e-mail in history, from the Royal Signals and Radar Establishment in Malvern.

In 1981 a revolution is produced. The National Science Foundation releases a program called CSNET 56, which allowed computers to network without government interfering. After two years, the TCP/IP becomes the standard for Internet Protocol.

One year later, there were more than 1000 hosts. Three years later, the number exceeds 10 000. In 1989, the number skyrockets to over 100 000, and ARPANET ceases to exist and makes way for ANS, the Advanced Network & Services.

In 1991, one year after the first search engine was created the Government gives the green light for commercial activities to take place over the internet. In the same year, the World Wide Web is released. One year after that, the US had more than 1.000.000 users.

In 1996, Nokia releases the first cell phone with access to internet.

In 1999, the Wi-Fi is standardized.

In 2001, Blackberry releases the first internet cell phone in the world. In the same year, peer 2 peer file sharing bursts, with people all over the world downloading music, movies and other files.

By 2002, 200 universities around the world have internet access, as well as 60 corporations.

2005- YouTube launches.

In 2006, over 90 million websites are estimated to exist.

In 2008, Google’s index has more than 1.000.000.000.000 links. Few moths later, NASA successfully tests the first deep space communications network modeled on the Internet; dozens of space images are transmitted to and from a NASA science spacecraft located about more than 32 million kilometers from Earth.

In 2010 Facebook announces in Februrary that it has 400 million active users.

Of course, the Internet expands every second, and it’s very hard to make a short history about it, but I hope you have a clear image of what it means after this article.


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